Convertible Security: An Overview



A convertible is sometimes referred as “CV”, it is either a convertible bond or a preferred stock convertible. It is a convertible bond which can be converted into a common stock of a certain firm. It allows you to exercise the convertible bond and practice exchanging bonds into a fixed amount of company shares. 

The conversion ratio differs from bond to bond. The convertible conditions like the specific number of shares or the method of identifying how many shares the bonds is converted into, can be found in the legal binding contract between a bond issuer and the bondholders, known as “indenture.” 

For instance, the given conversion ratio is 40:1. It simply means that each bond (with a $1,000 par value) you are holding is allowed to be exchanged for 40 shares of stock. It seldom happens that the indenture could deliver changes on conversion ratio, it only occurs sometime through the years.  

There’s a lower yield on convertibles compared to regular bonds because there’s an option for shares to be converted to stocks and capital gains are collected. On the other hand, if the company is bankrupt, there’s a higher chance you’ll get your money back than people who used to hold a common stock as convertibles are ranked the same as regular bonds.  

Investors that are eyeing for capital appreciation at the same time protecting their original investment in a bond, convertibles are a wise choice. Moreover, CVs provides an income, but it’s considerably not too high. To claim an option for shares to be converted, investors engaged in giving up their higher returns on the bond at a later date.

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